Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination

Elife. 2013 Jul 16;2:e00299. doi: 10.7554/eLife.00299.

Abstract

Identification of the host genetic factors that contribute to variation in vaccine responsiveness may uncover important mechanisms affecting vaccine efficacy. We carried out an integrative, longitudinal study combining genetic, transcriptional, and immunologic data in humans given seasonal influenza vaccine. We identified 20 genes exhibiting a transcriptional response to vaccination, significant genotype effects on gene expression, and correlation between the transcriptional and antibody responses. The results show that variation at the level of genes involved in membrane trafficking and antigen processing significantly influences the human response to influenza vaccination. More broadly, we demonstrate that an integrative study design is an efficient alternative to existing methods for the identification of genes involved in complex traits. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00299.001.

Keywords: Complex-trait genetics; Human; Human genetics; Integrative biology; Systems biology; Vaccines; eQTL.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genomics* / methods
  • Genotype
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Humoral / genetics*
  • Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype / immunology*
  • Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype / immunology*
  • Influenza B virus / immunology*
  • Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Influenza Vaccines / immunology*
  • Influenza, Human / genetics*
  • Influenza, Human / immunology
  • Influenza, Human / prevention & control*
  • Influenza, Human / virology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Vaccination*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Biomarkers
  • Genetic Markers
  • Influenza Vaccines