Background: Inflammation is associated with a worse outcome in cancer and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a strong prognostic value. In cancer, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could be of interest. We investigated the prognostic significance of NLR and the impact of intraoperative NSAIDs in cancer surgeries.
Methods: We performed an observational study in early breast, kidney, and lung cancers (357, 227, and 255 patients) with uni- and multivariate analyses (Cox model).
Results: In breast cancer (Centre 1), NLR ≥ 4 is associated with a higher risk of relapse (hazards ratio (HR) = 2.41; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.01-5.76; P = 0.048). In breast cancer (Centre 2), NLR ≥ 3 is associated with a higher risk of relapse (HR = 4.6; 95 % CI 1.09-19.1; P = 0.04) and higher mortality (HR = 4.0; 95 % CI 1.12-14.3; P = 0.03). In kidney cancer, NLR ≥ 5 is associated with a higher risk of relapse (HR = 1.63; 95 % CI 1.00-2.66; P = 0.05) and higher mortality (HR = 1.67; 95 % CI 1.0-2.81; P = 0.05). In lung cancer, NLR ≥ 5 is associated with higher mortality (HR = 1.45; 95 % CI 1.02-2.06; P = 0.04). The intraoperative use of NSAIDs in breast cancer patients (Centre 1) is associated with a reduced recurrence rate (HR = 0.17; 95 % CI 0.04-0.43; P = 0.0002) and a lower mortality (HR = 0.25; 95 % CI 1.08-0.75; P = 0.01). NSAIDs use at the beginning of the surgery is independently associated with a lower metastases risk after lung cancer surgery (HR = 0.16; 95 % CI 0.04-0.63; P = 0.009). Ketorolac use is independently associated with longer survival (HR = 0.55; 95 % CI 0.31-0.95; P = 0.03).
Conclusions: In these cohorts, these analyses show that NLR is a strong perioperative prognosis factor for breast, lung, and kidney cancers. In this context, intraoperative NSAIDs administration could be associated with a better outcome.