Tuning dye-to-particle interactions toward luminescent gold nanostars

Langmuir. 2013 Aug 27;29(34):10915-21. doi: 10.1021/la402222c. Epub 2013 Aug 12.


Light-matter interactions are of great interest for potential biological applications (bioimaging, biosensing, phototherapy). For such applications, sharp nanostructures exhibit interesting features since their extinction bands (surface plasmon resonance) cover a large bandwidth in the whole visible wavelength region due to the existence of "hot spots" located at the end of the tips. In this context, gold nanostars appear to be interesting objects. However, their study remains difficult, mainly due to complicated synthetic methods and further functionalization. This paper reports the synthesis, functionalization, and photophysics of luminescent hybrid gold nanostars prepared using a layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method for the tuning of chromophore-to-particle distances together with the impact of the spectral overlap between the plasmon and the emission/absorption of the dyes. Several luminescent dyes with different optical signatures were selectively adsorbed at the nanoparticle surface. The optimized systems, exhibiting the highest luminescence recovery, clearly showed that overlap must be as low as possible. Also, the fluorescence intensities were quenched in close vicinity of the metal surface and revealed a distance-dependence with almost full recovery of the dyes emission for 11 LbL layers, which corresponded to 15 nm distances evaluated on dried samples. The photophysics of the luminescent core-shell particles were carried out in suspension and correlated with the response of isolated single objects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Coloring Agents / chemistry*
  • Gold / chemistry*
  • Metal Nanoparticles / chemistry*


  • Coloring Agents
  • Gold