Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):458-63.
doi: 10.1038/nature12314.

An Ultra-Lightweight Design for Imperceptible Plastic Electronics

Affiliations

An Ultra-Lightweight Design for Imperceptible Plastic Electronics

Martin Kaltenbrunner et al. Nature. .

Abstract

Electronic devices have advanced from their heavy, bulky origins to become smart, mobile appliances. Nevertheless, they remain rigid, which precludes their intimate integration into everyday life. Flexible, textile and stretchable electronics are emerging research areas and may yield mainstream technologies. Rollable and unbreakable backplanes with amorphous silicon field-effect transistors on steel substrates only 3 μm thick have been demonstrated. On polymer substrates, bending radii of 0.1 mm have been achieved in flexible electronic devices. Concurrently, the need for compliant electronics that can not only be flexed but also conform to three-dimensional shapes has emerged. Approaches include the transfer of ultrathin polyimide layers encapsulating silicon CMOS circuits onto pre-stretched elastomers, the use of conductive elastomers integrated with organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) on polyimide islands, and fabrication of OFETs and gold interconnects on elastic substrates to realize pressure, temperature and optical sensors. Here we present a platform that makes electronics both virtually unbreakable and imperceptible. Fabricated directly on ultrathin (1 μm) polymer foils, our electronic circuits are light (3 g m(-2)) and ultraflexible and conform to their ambient, dynamic environment. Organic transistors with an ultra-dense oxide gate dielectric a few nanometres thick formed at room temperature enable sophisticated large-area electronic foils with unprecedented mechanical and environmental stability: they withstand repeated bending to radii of 5 μm and less, can be crumpled like paper, accommodate stretching up to 230% on prestrained elastomers, and can be operated at high temperatures and in aqueous environments. Because manufacturing costs of organic electronics are potentially low, imperceptible electronic foils may be as common in the future as plastic wrap is today. Applications include matrix-addressed tactile sensor foils for health care and monitoring, thin-film heaters, temperature and infrared sensors, displays, and organic solar cells.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 193 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Feb 28;129(8):2224-5 - PubMed
    1. Nat Commun. 2012 Apr 03;3:770 - PubMed
    1. Nat Mater. 2013 Apr;12(4):321-5 - PubMed
    1. Nature. 2009 Feb 5;457(7230):679-86 - PubMed
    1. Science. 2010 Mar 26;327(5973):1603-7 - PubMed

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback