Introduction: Inverted papilloma (IP) is the most frequent benign tumor of the nasal cavities. Recurrence is found in 12 to 14% of cases, mainly at the primary site, although also exceptionally in remote locations. The present paper discusses the physiopathogenesis of IP on the basis of a report of late second occurrence of IP at a remote location and a review of the literature.
Case report: A man, who had undergone surgery in 1997 for ethmoid IP at the age of 56, presented 11 years later with nasal cavity IP at a second (frontal) location, discovered serendipitously during systematic follow-up and managed surgically without complication.
Discussion and conclusion: The physiopathology of nasal cavity IP remains unexplained. No reliable histologic or biological markers predict risk of recurrence or of malignant transformation. The sole treatment is total surgical resection. The risk of local recurrence, often due to incomplete resection, is well known, but that of a secondary location is less so, and regular very long-term follow-up is justified.
Keywords: Endoscopic surgery; Inverted papilloma; Recurrence; Remote location; Sinus.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.