Background: The role of resting pressure parameters, i.e. instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), and resting distal coronary pressure/aortic pressure (Pd/Pa) in assessing functionally significant stenosis remains controversial. We sought to assess the diagnostic performance of iFR and resting whole-cycle Pd/Pa in Asian patients.
Methods: In this study, 238 consecutive lesions (no total occlusions) in which fractional flow reserve (FFR) was measured with both intravenous and intracoronary adenosine administration were included. Coded resting pressure data were sent to the core laboratory in which iFR was calculated in a blinded fashion.
Results: FFR and iFR had unimodal distributions and the correlation was r = 0.77 (95% confidence interval, 0.71 to 0.82). In a receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis, iFR had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.9 at FFR ≤ 0.80. The best cut-off value for iFR was 0.90 with a sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and diagnostic accuracy of 76%, 86%, 82% and 80%, and 82%, respectively. The resting whole-cycle Pd/Pa cut-off of 0.91 demonstrated a diagnostic accuracy of 82% (AUC 0.9). However, iFR had higher discriminatory power than the resting whole-cycle Pd/Pa.
Conclusion: Both iFR and resting whole-cycle Pd/Pa showed good diagnostic performance to define the functionally significant stenosis in an independent Asian cohort distributed unimodally and without total occlusions. However, further validation is needed to explore the areas of disagreement between different physiologic parameters prior to adoption of resting pressure parameters into routine clinical practice.
Keywords: Diagnostic performance; FFR; Resting whole-cycle Pd/Pa; iFR.