Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially fatal complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Given its nonspecific clinical presentation, it is likely that this clinical entity is underdiagnosed after HSCT. Data describing the incidence, risk factors, and etiology of PH in HSCT recipients are minimal. Physicians caring for HSCT recipients should be aware of this severe post-transplant complication because timely diagnosis and treatment may allow improved clinical outcomes. We summarize the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of PH in HSCT recipients.
Keywords: Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Pulmonary hypertension; Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease; Thrombotic microangiopathy.
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.