A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the inter-patient pharmacokinetic (PK) variability of liposomal and small molecule (SM) anticancer agents. Inter-patient PK variability of 9 liposomal and SM formulations of the same drug was evaluated. PK variability was measured as coefficient of variance (CV%) of area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) and the fold-difference between AUCmax and AUCmin (AUC range). CV% of AUC and AUC ranges were 2.7-fold (P<0.001) and 16.7-fold (P=0.13) greater, respectively, for liposomal compared with SM drugs. There was an inverse linear relationship between the clearance (CL) of liposomal agents and PK variability with a lower CL associated with greater PK variability (R(2)=0.39). PK variability of liposomal agents was greater when evaluated from 0-336 h compared with 0-24h. PK variability of liposomes is significantly greater than SM. The factors associated with the PK variability of liposomal agents need to be evaluated.
From the clinical editor: In this meta-analysis, the inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability of 9 liposomal and small molecule anti-cancer agents was studied. The authors determined that several parameters are in favor of the liposomal formulation; however, the PK variability of the formulation was higher compared with small molecule agents, the reason for which remains to be determined in future studies.
Keywords: CKD-602; Liposomes; Pharmacokinetic; S-CKD602; Sampling schema; Variability.