[Treatment of autism spectrum disorders: union between understanding and evidence-based practice]

Rev Neurol. 2013 Sep 6;57 Suppl 1:S185-91.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Introduction: Synthetically realizes heterogeneous operating characteristics of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and how these features can also be based on the variability in response to treatment. It emphasizes the need to combine, in treatment, evidence-based practice with a deep understanding of ASD.

Development: It explains some of the key principles that should guide the treatment from the standpoint of quality indicators should include intervention programs, to then influence the features and content that are part of the programs carried out in the field early intervention, briefly explaining some of these programs and then characterize the intervention, with the use of techniques and strategies, which is usually carried out with children and adolescents in high-functioning.

Conclusion: Research and accumulated knowledge and the increasing experimental evidence configure the features to be taken by intervention and treatment programs that are used with people with ASD. Such treatment should begin early, as soon as possible and spread over the life cycle.

Title: Tratamiento de los trastornos del espectro autista: union entre la comprension y la practica basada en la evidencia.

Introduccion. De manera sintetica se da cuenta de las caracteristicas heterogeneas de funcionamiento de las personas con trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) y como dichas caracteristicas tambien pueden estar en la base de la variabilidad en la respuesta al tratamiento. Se recalca la necesidad de combinar, en el tratamiento, la practica basada en la evidencia y una comprension profunda de los TEA. Desarrollo. Se explican algunos de los principios esenciales que deben guiar el tratamiento desde la optica de indicadores de calidad que han de contener los programas de intervencion. Se incide en las caracteristicas y contenidos que forman parte de los programas que se llevan a cabo en el ambito de la intervencion temprana, explicando brevemente algunos de esos programas, y posteriormente se caracteriza la intervencion, con el uso de tecnicas y estrategias, que habitualmente se realiza en niños y adolescentes de alto nivel de funcionamiento. Conclusion. La investigacion y conocimiento acumulados y la cada vez mayor evidencia experimental configuran las caracteristicas que deben adoptar los programas de intervencion y tratamiento usados en personas con TEA. Dicho tratamiento debe comenzar de manera temprana, lo antes posible y extenderse a lo largo del ciclo vital.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asperger Syndrome / therapy
  • Behavior Therapy / methods
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / diagnosis
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / psychology
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / therapy*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Early Intervention, Educational
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Family Relations
  • Humans
  • Precision Medicine
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care
  • Role Playing
  • Self Care