Left-right asymmetry in neck lymph nodes distribution in patients with bilateral laryngeal cancer

Surg Radiol Anat. 2014 Apr;36(3):239-42. doi: 10.1007/s00276-013-1176-3. Epub 2013 Jul 30.

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to examine left-right asymmetry in involved and total neck lymph nodes distribution in patients with bilateral laryngeal cancer in the present study.

Methods: Forty-six patients with bilateral laryngeal cancer was included the study. The oncologic database of our otorhinolaryngology department was used. The right and left lymph node with and without involvement by cancer cells counts were retrieved from pathological reports.

Results: The numbers of both involved and total neck lymph nodes were significantly higher on right side than on left side for all neck levels in laryngeal malignancies.

Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest the existence of a left-right asymmetry in neck lymph node distribution and in the neck lymph node distribution involved by laryngeal cancer cells. The stronger cell-mediated immune activity in the left side of humans may be associated with the blocking of the metastatic invasion of cancer cells from laryngeal malignancies in the left body side.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology*
  • Neck