In cancer, the overall patterns of epigenetic marks are severely distorted from the corresponding normal cell type. It is now well established that these changes can contribute to cancer development through inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and, conversely, through activation of oncogenes. Recent technological advances have enabled epigenome-wide analyses of cancers that are yielding unexpected findings. The study of cancer epigenetics holds great promise for expanding the range of therapeutic opportunities for personalized medicine. Here, we focus on DNA methylation in breast cancer and the potential implications for clinical management of patients.
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.