We have designed and synthesized two amphiphilic calixarene derivatives, CA8 and CA18, that combine the potential to act as wheel components for pseudorotaxane structures with the self-assembly features typical of surfactant molecules in aqueous solution. Their endo-cavity recognition and selfaggregation properties were compared with those of a non-amphiphilic analogue, C8. TEM, DLS, and fluorescence experiments show that in water the amphiphilic calixarenes form vesicle- and micelle-like aggregates. The size, nature and properties of such aggregates depend on the length of the alkyl chain anchored at the lower rim of the calixarene skeleton, as well as on the inclusion of a molecular guest into the wheel. Specifically, the release of a fluorescent guest entrapped inside the CA8 vesicles is accelerated in the presence of dioctylviologen axles that can pierce the calixarene cavity.