Prevalence and genetic diversity of arcobacter in food products in the north of Spain

J Food Prot. 2013 Aug;76(8):1447-50. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-13-014.


The bacterial contamination of food products can cause serious public health problems. Interest in Arcobacter contamination has increased due to the relationship between these bacteria and human enteritis. We studied the prevalence and genetic diversity of Arcobacter species at the retail level in the province of Alava in Basque Country, Spain. The results showed a high genetic diversity and indicated the regular presence of the main Arcobacter spp. associated with human enteric illness in food products. Arcobacter butzleri, Arcobacter cryaerophilus, and Arcobacter skirrowii were detected with an overall prevalence close to 40% and were isolated from 15 (42.8%) fresh cow's milk samples, 12 (73.3%) shellfish samples, 11 (55%) chicken samples, 2 (10%) pork samples, and 1 (5%) beef sample. The results indicate the need to investigate the impact of Arcobacter spp. on public health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arcobacter / classification
  • Arcobacter / genetics
  • Arcobacter / isolation & purification*
  • Campylobacter
  • Consumer Product Safety
  • Female
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Food Microbiology
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Meat / microbiology*
  • Milk / microbiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Shellfish / microbiology
  • Spain / epidemiology