Background: Safety and immunogenicity of heat-treated zoster vaccine (ZVHT) were assessed in immunocompromised adults.
Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study, 4 doses ZVHT or placebo were administered approximately 30 days apart to adults with either solid tumor malignancy (STM); hematologic malignancy (HM); human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with CD4(+) ≤200; autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT) or allogeneic-HCT recipients. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) T-cell responses by interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot (IFN-γ ELISPOT) and VZV antibody concentrations by glycoprotein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (gpELISA) were measured at baseline and approximately 28 days after each dose.
Results: No safety signals were found in any group. IFN-γ ELISPOT geometric mean fold rises (GMFR) after dose 4 in STM, HM, HIV, and autologous-HCT patients were 3.00 (P < .0001), 2.23 (P = .004), 1.76 (P = .026), and 9.01 (P = NA), respectively. Similarly, antibody GMFR were 2.35 (P < .0001), 1.28 (P = .003), 1.37 (P = .017), and 0.90 (P = NA), respectively. T-cell and antibody responses were poor after 4 doses of ZVHT in allogeneic-HCT patients.
Conclusion: ZVHT was generally safe and immunogenic through 28 days post-dose 4 in adults with STM, HM, and HIV. Autologous-HCT but not allogeneic-HCT patients had a rise in T-cell response; antibody responses were not increased in either HCT population. Study identification. V212-002 Clinical Trials Registration. NCT00535236.
Keywords: herpes zoster; immunocompromised adults; zoster vaccine.