Formation of an Intricate Helical Bundle Dictates the Assembly of the 26S Proteasome Lid

Structure. 2013 Sep 3;21(9):1624-35. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2013.06.023. Epub 2013 Aug 1.


The 26S proteasome is the major ATP-dependent protease in eukaryotes and thus involved in regulating a diverse array of vital cellular processes. Three subcomplexes form this massive degradation machine: the lid, the base, and the core. While assembly of base and core has been well-studied, the detailed molecular mechanisms involved in formation of the nine-subunit lid remain largely unknown. Here, we reveal that helices found at the C terminus of each lid subunit form a helical bundle that directs the ordered self-assembly of the lid subcomplex. Furthermore, we use an integrative modeling approach to gain critical insights into the bundle topology and provide an important structural framework for our biochemical data. We show that the helical bundle serves as a hub through which the last-added subunit Rpn12 monitors proper lid assembly before incorporation into the proteasome. Finally, we predict that the assembly of the COP9 signalosome depends on a similar helical bundle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • COP9 Signalosome Complex
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multiprotein Complexes / chemistry
  • Peptide Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / chemistry*
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Multimerization*
  • Protein Structure, Quaternary
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Subunits / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry


  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Protein Subunits
  • RPN12 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Peptide Hydrolases
  • COP9 Signalosome Complex
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • ATP dependent 26S protease

Associated data

  • PDB/3J47