EQ-5D Portuguese population norms

Qual Life Res. 2014 Mar;23(2):425-30. doi: 10.1007/s11136-013-0488-4. Epub 2013 Aug 3.


Objectives: The EQ-5D is a widely used preference-based measure. Normative data can be used as references to analyze the effects of healthcare, determine the burden of disease and enable regional or country comparisons. Population norms for the EQ-5D exist for other countries but have not been previously published for Portugal. The purpose of this study was to derive EQ-5D Portuguese population norms.

Methods: The EQ-5D was applied by phone interview to a random sample of the Portuguese general population (n = 1,500) stratified by age, gender and region. The Portuguese value set was used to derive the EQ-5D index.

Results: Mean values were computed by gender and age groups, marital status, educational attainment, region and other variables to obtain the EQ-5D Portuguese norms. Health status declines with advancing age, and women reported worse health status than men. These results are similar to other EQ-5D population health studies.

Conclusion: This study provides Portuguese population health-related quality of life data measured by the EQ-5D that can be used as population norms. These norms can be used to inform Portuguese policy makers, health care professionals and researchers in issues related to health care policy and planning and quantification of treatment effects on health status.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical
  • Portugal / epidemiology
  • Quality of Life*
  • Reference Values
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult