The effects of adolescent intimate partner violence on women's educational attainment and earnings

J Interpers Violence. 2013 Nov;28(17):3283-300. doi: 10.1177/0886260513496895. Epub 2013 Aug 6.


Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious, widespread problem that negatively affects women's lives, including their economic status. The current study explored whether the financial harm associated with IPV begins as early as adolescence. With longitudinal data from a sample of 498 women currently or formerly receiving welfare, we used latent growth curve modeling to examine the relationships between adolescent IPV, educational attainment, and women's earnings. We found that women who had been victimized by a partner during adolescence obtained less education compared with nonvictimized women, with victimization indirectly influencing women's earnings via educational attainment. The findings support the need for intervention strategies aimed at preventing IPV and promoting women's educational and career development over the life course.

Keywords: adolescent IPV; earnings; educational attainment; life course.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Educational Status*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income*
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Middle Aged
  • Sexual Partners / psychology*
  • Social Welfare
  • Violence / psychology*
  • Young Adult