Coronary collaterals assessed with myocardial contrast echocardiography in healed myocardial infarction

Am J Cardiol. 1990 Sep 1;66(5):556-61. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(90)90481-f.


The epicardial coronary collateral vessels are visualized with coronary angiography, but this method does not provide significant information about the myocardial perfusion supplied with the collaterals. In this study, myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was performed to assess the coronary collaterals in 29 patients with old myocardial infarction. MCE was performed by intracoronary injection of 2 ml agitated amidotrizoate sodium meglumine. The peak background-subtracted gray level (PGL) in the infarct area was determined from the digitized echocardiographic images obtained before and after injection into the noninfarct and donor artery. PGL was compared with the 3-point coronary angiographic grades of collaterals. PGL in the infarct area was significantly lower in patients with poor collaterals than in patients with moderate to good collaterals (5 +/- 4 vs 18 +/- 8 U mean +/- standard deviation, p less than 0.01). PGL in the infarct area was less than 10 U in the 3 patients with severe asynergy despite the moderate to good collateral supply, suggesting that activity of the collaterals was not good enough to preserve the wall motion effectively. It is concluded that (1) the degree of MCE enhancement in the infarct area generally corresponded to the collateral grades assessed with coronary angiography, and (2) MCE may provide a measure of the collateral perfusion.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*