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, 27 (6), 855-61

Bispectral Index Predicts Deaths Within 2 Weeks in Coma Patients, a Better Predictor Than Serum Neuron-Specific Enolase or S100 Protein

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Bispectral Index Predicts Deaths Within 2 Weeks in Coma Patients, a Better Predictor Than Serum Neuron-Specific Enolase or S100 Protein

Wenli Miao et al. J Anesth.

Abstract

Purpose: We assessed the ability of bispectral index (BIS) to predict clinical outcome (dead or alive within 2 weeks).

Methods: In total, 90 coma patients with severe brain injuries underwent BIS monitoring, and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100 protein levels were assayed within the first 3 days of admission. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance of BIS values for predicting death within 2 weeks. A cutoff value was calculated using the Youden index.

Results: A significant negative correlation was found between BIS value and serum NSE and S100 levels. The area under the curve for BIS value was 0.841 (p < 0.001, 95 % CI = 0.751-0.931), and higher than for NSE (0.713) (p = 0.002, 95 % CI = 0.582-0.844) or S100 (0.790) (p < 0.001, 95 % CI = 0.680-0.899). The optimal cutoff of BIS was 32.5. Serum NSE and S100 protein levels and the mortality rate were significantly lower in patients with a BIS value >32.5 than in patients with a BIS value ≤32.5.

Conclusions: Bispectral index values may reflect degree of brain injury, and BIS is an objective and noninvasive monitoring method for helping clinicians to predict death in patients with a BIS value ≤32.5.

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