A network integration approach to predict conserved regulators related to pathogenicity of influenza and SARS-CoV respiratory viruses

PLoS One. 2013 Jul 25;8(7):e69374. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069374. Print 2013.

Abstract

Respiratory infections stemming from influenza viruses and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome corona virus (SARS-CoV) represent a serious public health threat as emerging pandemics. Despite efforts to identify the critical interactions of these viruses with host machinery, the key regulatory events that lead to disease pathology remain poorly targeted with therapeutics. Here we implement an integrated network interrogation approach, in which proteome and transcriptome datasets from infection of both viruses in human lung epithelial cells are utilized to predict regulatory genes involved in the host response. We take advantage of a novel "crowd-based" approach to identify and combine ranking metrics that isolate genes/proteins likely related to the pathogenicity of SARS-CoV and influenza virus. Subsequently, a multivariate regression model is used to compare predicted lung epithelial regulatory influences with data derived from other respiratory virus infection models. We predicted a small set of regulatory factors with conserved behavior for consideration as important components of viral pathogenesis that might also serve as therapeutic targets for intervention. Our results demonstrate the utility of integrating diverse 'omic datasets to predict and prioritize regulatory features conserved across multiple pathogen infection models.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epithelial Cells / immunology
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Epithelial Cells / virology
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Regulator*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / genetics
  • Humans
  • Lung / immunology
  • Lung / metabolism*
  • Lung / virology
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Orthomyxoviridae / pathogenicity*
  • Orthomyxoviridae / physiology
  • Respiratory Mucosa / immunology
  • Respiratory Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Respiratory Mucosa / virology
  • SARS Virus / pathogenicity*
  • SARS Virus / physiology
  • Transcriptome
  • Virulence
  • Virus Replication

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE47960
  • GEO/GSE47962
  • GEO/GSE47963