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, 10 (2), 232-7

Debris and Smear Layer Removal Efficacy and Changes in Morphology of Dentinal Tubules After Using Citric Acid, Tetracycline-Hydrochloride and Mixture of Tetracycline and Acid and Detergent

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Debris and Smear Layer Removal Efficacy and Changes in Morphology of Dentinal Tubules After Using Citric Acid, Tetracycline-Hydrochloride and Mixture of Tetracycline and Acid and Detergent

Ahmad Moghare Abed et al. Dent Res J (Isfahan).

Abstract

Background: In periodontal diseases, contamination of roots with bacteria and their active biologic agents and smear layer formation following periodontal treatments, prevents reattachment of periodontal cells. As a matter of fact biomodification of root surface and removal of smear layer and debris is critical for regeneration of periodontal structures. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of smear layer removal by citric acid, tetracycline-hydrochloride (TTC-HCL) and mixture of tetracycline and acid and detergent (MTAD).

Materials and methods: In this in vitro and experimental study, 12 impacted third molars were sectioned from cervical enamel junction (CEJ) to mid-root area into four dentinal specimens (n = 48). Three groups were conditioned by citric acid 3%, TTC-HCL 50 mg/mL and MTAD by means of cotton pellets, which were changed every 30 s for 3 min. The control group was conditioned by distilled water. Images from scanning electron microscope (SEM) were examined by two different analyzers. Data was analyzed by Kroskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney statistical analysis.

Results: The mean of dentinal tubules diameter was the most in MTAD group and the least in TTC-HCL and this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.05).

Conclusion: According to the present study, TTC-HCL could remove debris and smear layer but citric acid and MTAD had better debris and smear layer removal efficacy and demineralization effect in comparison with TTC-HCL.

Keywords: Citric acid; mixture of tetracycline and acid and detergent; smear layer; tetracycline hydrochloride.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: None declared

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
A caliper was used to measure the dentinal tubules diameter
Figure 2
Figure 2
Control group
Figure 3
Figure 3
Group 1, citric acid
Figure 4
Figure 4
Group 2, tetracycline-hydrochloride
Figure 5
Figure 5
Group 3, mixture of tetracycline and acid and detergent
Figure 6
Figure 6
Mean of diameter of dentinal tubule in studied groups

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Cited by 2 PubMed Central articles

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