Hippocampus, hippocampal sclerosis and epilepsy

Pharmacol Rep. 2013;65(3):555-65. doi: 10.1016/s1734-1140(13)71033-8.


Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is considered one of the major pathogenic factors of drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. HS is characterized by selective loss of pyramidal neurons - especially of sectors CA1 and CA3 of the hippocampus - pathological proliferation of interneuron networks, and severe glia reaction. These changes occur in the course of long-term and complex epileptogenesis. The authors, on the basis of a review of the literature and own experience, present the pathomechanisms leading to hippocampal sclerosis and epileptogenesis, including various morphological and functional elements of this structure of the brain and pharmacological possibilities of preventing these processes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / pathology*
  • Hippocampus / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Sclerosis / pathology*