Five methodological challenges in cognitive electrophysiology

Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15:85 Pt 2:702-10. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.08.010. Epub 2013 Aug 15.


Here we discuss five methodological challenges facing the current cognitive electrophysiology literature that address the roles of brain oscillations in cognition. The challenges focus on (1) unambiguous and consistent terminology, (2) neurophysiologically meaningful interpretations of results, (3) evaluation and comparison of different spatial filters often used in M/EEG research, (4) the role of multiscale interactions in brain and cognitive function, and (5) development of biophysically plausible cognitive models. We also suggest research directions that will help address these challenges. We hope that this paper will help foster discussions and debates about important themes in the study of how the brain's rhythmic patterns of spatiotemporal electrophysiological activity support cognition.

Keywords: Causality; Cognition; Electrophysiology; Oscillations; Time–frequency analyses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Waves / physiology*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Electrophysiology / methods*
  • Humans