Crystal structure of ovalbumin as a model for the reactive centre of serpins

Nature. 1990 Sep 6;347(6288):99-102. doi: 10.1038/347099a0.


The serpins are a widely distributed family of proteins with diverse functions; they include the key serine protease inhibitors of human plasma as well as noninhibitory homologues such as hormone-binding globulins, angiotensinogen and egg-white ovalbumin. Sequence alignment based on the crystal structure. On the cleaved form of the archetypal serpin, alpha 1-antitrypsin, indicates that the serpins share a common highly ordered structure. On cleavage of the reactive centre peptide bond, they characteristically undergo a remarkable conformational change, the newly generated C terminus moving some 70 A to the opposite pole of the molecule. The structure of this post-cleavage form is known, but the conformation of the intact serpins and in particular that of their reactive centre is not. Wright et al.'s structure of plakalbumin (ovalbumin cleaved by subtilisin) has provided evidence for the conformational change that results from cleavage. We have now determined the structure of native ovalbumin to 1.95 A resolution and have found that the intact peptide loop forming the analogue to the reactive centre of the inhibitory serpins takes the unexpected form of a protruding, isolated helix. This model of the intact structures of the serpins suggests how they may interact with their target proteases.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallization
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Structure
  • Ovalbumin*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Serpins*
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin


  • Serpins
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin
  • Ovalbumin