The relationship between Mexican American cultural values and resilience among Mexican American college students: a mixed methods study

J Couns Psychol. 2013 Oct;60(4):617-24. doi: 10.1037/a0033998. Epub 2013 Aug 19.


The current study investigated the role of cultural values in the resilience of Mexican American college students. Utilizing mixed methodology, 124 self-identified Mexican American college students were asked to complete an online survey, including a demographic questionnaire, the Resilience Scale, Mexican American Cultural Values Scale, and 2 open-ended questions concerning overcoming adversity and cultural values. As hypothesized, Mexican American traditional cultural values (Familismo, Respeto, Religiosidad, and Traditional Gender Roles) predicted resilience, with Familismo accounting for the majority of the variance. Consensual qualitative research (Hill, Thompson, & Nutt Williams, 1997) was used to identify emergent domains and themes within the open-ended question responses. Traditional Mexican American Value themes included Familismo, Ethnic Identity, Religiosidad, Perseverance, and Respeto. Results highlight the important role that certain Mexican American cultural values play in providing strength for overcoming adversities.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • California
  • Culture*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexican Americans / psychology*
  • Mexican Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Social Identification*
  • Social Values / ethnology*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult