Objective: We analysed the associations of 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH) D] and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels with clinical, anthropometric, biochemical and body composition parameters in Asian Indians with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Methods: In this case-control study, 162 cases and 173 age and sex matched controls were recruited. Clinical, anthropometric, biochemical parameters and liver ultrasound were done. Percentage body fat (%BF), lean body mass and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Fasting insulin levels, value of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), serum 25(OH) D, calcium and PTH levels were measured.
Results: Subjects with NAFLD had lower serum 25(OH) D (19.4 ± 8.5 vs. 27.8 ± 9.4 ng/ml, p = 0.0001) and higher serum PTH (54.9 ± 19.5 vs.41.5 ± 18.3 pg/ml, p = 0.0001) levels as compared to controls. We observed significantly high values of systolic blood pressure (p = 0.002), waist circumference (p = 0.05), serum triglycerides (p = 0.002), total cholesterol (p = 0.002), alanine transaminase (p = 0.05), fasting insulin (p = 0.02) and HOMA-IR (p = 0.03) in the lowest 25(OH) D quartile. Multivariable-logistic regression showed that low serum 25(OH) D [OR (95%CI): 4.46 (2.58-7.72), p = 0.0001] and high PTH [OR (95%CI): 2.21 (1.50-3.30), p = 0.0001] level were independently associated with NAFLD.
Conclusion: Low serum 25(OH) D and high PTH levels were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in Asian Indians residing in north India.
Keywords: Asian Indians; Metabolic syndrome; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Parathyroid hormone; Serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D.
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