Deubiquitination of Dishevelled by Usp14 Is Required for Wnt Signaling

Oncogenesis. 2013 Aug 19;2(8):e64. doi: 10.1038/oncsis.2013.28.

Abstract

Dishevelled (Dvl) is a key regulator of Wnt signaling both in the canonical and non-canonical pathways. Here we report the identification of a regulatory domain of ubiquitination (RDU) in the C-terminus of Dvl. Mutations in the RDU resulted in accumulation of polyubiquitinated forms of Dvl, which were mainly K63 linked. Small interfering RNA-based screening identified Usp14 as a mediator of Dvl deubiquitination. Genetic and chemical suppression of Usp14 activity caused an increase in Dvl polyubiquitination and significantly impaired downstream Wnt signaling. These data suggest that Usp14 functions as a positive regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway. Consistently, tissue microarray analysis of colon cancer revealed a strong correlation between the levels of Usp14 and β-catenin, which suggests an oncogenic role for Usp14 via enhancement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.