Effects of core auditory cortex deactivation on neuronal response to simple and complex acoustic signals in the contralateral anterior auditory field

Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jan;25(1):84-96. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bht205. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

Abstract

Interhemispheric communication has been implicated in various functions of sensory signal processing and perception. Despite ample evidence demonstrating this phenomenon in the visual and somatosensory systems, to date, limited functional assessment of transcallosal transmission during periods of acoustic signal exposure has hindered our understanding of the role of interhemispheric connections between auditory cortical fields. Consequently, the present investigation examines the impact of core auditory cortical field deactivation on response properties of contralateral anterior auditory field (AAF) neurons in the felis catus. Single-unit responses to simple and complex acoustic signals were measured across AAF before, during, and after individual and combined cooling deactivation of contralateral primary auditory cortex (A1) and AAF neurons. Data analyses revealed that on average: 1) interhemispheric projections from core auditory areas to contralateral AAF neurons are predominantly excitatory, 2) changes in response strength vary based on acoustic features, 3) A1 and AAF projections can modulate AAF activity differently, 4) decreases in response strength are not specific to particular cortical laminae, and 5) contralateral inputs modulate AAF neuronal response thresholds. Collectively, these observations demonstrate that A1 and AAF neurons predominantly modulate AAF response properties via excitatory projections.

Keywords: cat; corpus callosum; interhemispheric; primary auditory cortex; reversible deactivation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Animals
  • Auditory Cortex / physiology*
  • Cats
  • Corpus Callosum / physiology*
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory*
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Neurons / physiology*