Wind disasters: A comprehensive review of current management strategies

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2013 Apr;3(2):130-42. doi: 10.4103/2229-5151.114273.


Wind disasters are responsible for tremendous physical destruction, injury, loss of life and economic damage. In this review, we discuss disaster preparedness and effective medical response to wind disasters. The epidemiology of disease and injury patterns observed in the early and late phases of wind disasters are reviewed. The authors highlight the importance of advance planning and adequate preparation as well as prompt and well-organized response to potential damage involving healthcare infrastructure and the associated consequences to the medical response system. Ways to minimize both the extent of infrastructure damage and its effects on the healthcare system are discussed, focusing on lessons learned from recent major wind disasters around the globe. Finally, aspects of healthcare delivery in disaster zones are reviewed.

Keywords: Comprehensive review; cyclone; disaster management; disaster preparedness; epidemiology; hurricane; injury patterns; tornado; wind disaster; wind disaster management.