Revised Diagnostic Criteria for the Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome in Adults and Children

Neurology. 2013 Sep 24;81(13):1159-65. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182a55f17. Epub 2013 Aug 21.

Abstract

The pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) may be primary (idiopathic intracranial hypertension) or arise from an identifiable secondary cause. Characterization of typical neuroimaging abnormalities, clarification of normal opening pressure in children, and features distinguishing the syndrome of intracranial hypertension without papilledema from intracranial hypertension with papilledema have furthered our understanding of this disorder. We propose updated diagnostic criteria for PTCS to incorporate advances and insights into the disorder realized over the past 10 years.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Male
  • Neuroimaging / methods*
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri / diagnosis*
  • Reference Values
  • Spinal Puncture / methods
  • Spinal Puncture / standards