Population-based reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand test

Int J Public Health. 2013 Dec;58(6):949-53. doi: 10.1007/s00038-013-0504-z. Epub 2013 Aug 24.


Objectives: To determine reference values for the 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test in an adult population.

Methods: Cross-sectional study nested within a nationwide health promotion campaign in Switzerland. Adults performed the STS test and completed questions on demographics and health behavior.

Results: 6,926 out of 7,753 (89.3 %) adults were able to complete the STS test. The median number of repetitions ranged from 50/min (25-75th percentile 41-57/min) in young men and 47/min (39-55/min) in young women aged 20-24 years to 30/min (25-37/min) in older men and 27/min (22-30/min) in older women aged 75-79 years.

Conclusions: The reference values support the interpretation of 1-min STS test performance and identification of subjects with decreased lower body muscular strength and endurance.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength
  • Physical Endurance
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Reference Values
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Switzerland / epidemiology
  • Young Adult