Management options of acquired punctal stenosis

Saudi Med J. 2013 Aug;34(8):785-92.


Punctal stenosis is a frequent source of patients referral to the otoplasty clinic and the search for a procedure that can permanently eliminate epiphora without disturbing the normal lacrimal system anatomy and physiology started centuries ago and continues today. The following article summarizes the reported procedures in the English literature in the acquired punctal stenosis with a description of techniques, success rates, and potential complications with the goal of identifying the most effective treatment strategy based on the current knowledge available.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Constriction, Pathologic / diagnosis
  • Constriction, Pathologic / therapy
  • Humans
  • Lacrimal Apparatus / pathology*
  • Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / diagnosis
  • Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / therapy*
  • Stents