Management of the base of the appendix in pediatric laparoscopic appendectomy: clip, ligate, or staple?

Surg Technol Int. 2013 Sep:23:81-3.


Options for intracorporeal appendiceal stump closure span a variety of techniques including ligation using intra-corporeal knots, extra-corporeal knots, or an endo-loop (EL), closure with endoscopic clips (EC), or endoscopic stapled (ES) closure. The guiding principles are the need for secure, inert closure of the appendiceal base without injury to the appendiceal stump or cecum, with minimal risks of complication attributable to the closure technique. Safety and complication rates, as well as cost data, should guide the techniques used for pediatric laparoscopic appendectomy. Based on the literature available there is not a clear answer as to the best method for closing the appendiceal stump in pediatric patients, with each of the methods described providing safe closure. Many institutions and surgeons may favor a selective approach, with choice of closure determined by the condition of the appendix at laparoscopy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Appendectomy / economics
  • Appendectomy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Appendicitis / economics
  • Appendicitis / epidemiology*
  • Appendicitis / surgery*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / economics
  • Laparoscopy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Ligation / economics
  • Ligation / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sutures / statistics & numerical data
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wound Closure Techniques / economics
  • Wound Closure Techniques / statistics & numerical data*