Vaccines and febrile seizures

Expert Rev Vaccines. 2013 Aug;12(8):885-92. doi: 10.1586/14760584.2013.814781.

Abstract

Vaccine administration is the second leading cause of febrile seizures (FS). FS occurrence in children is a serious concern because it leads to public apprehension of vaccinations. This review discusses the clinical implications of FS, its potential link to vaccinations and its impact on official recommendations for vaccinations in children. Vaccines such as the pertussis antigen-containing vaccine, the measles-containing vaccine and the influenza vaccine have been linked to FS. However, FS events are very rare and are not usually associated with downstream complications or severe neurologic diseases. Considering their significant health benefits, vaccinations have not been restricted in the pediatric population. Nevertheless, vaccine-induced FS could be a problem, particularly in genetically predisposed children. Therefore, post-marketing surveillance studies are required to accurately assess the incidence of FS and identify individuals who are particularly susceptible to FS after vaccination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Influenza Vaccines / adverse effects*
  • Measles Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Measles Vaccine / adverse effects*
  • Pertussis Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Pertussis Vaccine / adverse effects*
  • Product Surveillance, Postmarketing
  • Seizures, Febrile / chemically induced*
  • Seizures, Febrile / epidemiology*

Substances

  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Measles Vaccine
  • Pertussis Vaccine