Preparation and characterization of fractal elastomer surfaces

J Oleo Sci. 2013;62(8):587-90. doi: 10.5650/jos.62.587.


The elastomer materials with hierarchical structure and suitable wettability are useful as biological surface model. In the present study, urethane resin and silicone resin elastomers with hierarchical rough surfaces were prepared and referred to as "fractal elastomers". We found a hierarchy of small projections that existed over larger ones on these surfaces. These elastomers were synthesized by transferring a fractal surface structure of alkylketene dimer. The rough structure enhanced the hydrophobicity and weakened friction resistance of the elastomer surfaces. These materials can be useful for artificial skin with biomimetic surface properties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomimetic Materials*
  • Dimerization
  • Elastomers / chemical synthesis*
  • Elastomers / chemistry*
  • Ethylenes
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Ketones
  • Resins, Synthetic / chemical synthesis*
  • Resins, Synthetic / chemistry*
  • Silicone Elastomers / chemical synthesis*
  • Silicone Elastomers / chemistry*
  • Skin, Artificial
  • Surface Properties
  • Urethane / chemical synthesis*
  • Urethane / chemistry*


  • Elastomers
  • Ethylenes
  • Ketones
  • Resins, Synthetic
  • Silicone Elastomers
  • Urethane
  • ketene