Collaborative learning in pre-clinical dental hygiene education

J Dent Hyg. 2013 Apr;87(2):64-72.

Abstract

Purpose: Dental hygiene education continues to move beyond mastery of content material and skill development to learning concepts that promote critical-thinking and problem-solving skills. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of collaborative learning and determine the growth in intellectual development of 54 first-year dental hygiene students.

Methods: The control group used traditional pre-clinical teaching and the experimental group used collaborative pedagogy for instrument introduction. All students were subjected to a post-test evaluating their ability to apply the principles of instrumentation. Intellectual development was determined using pre- and post-tests based on the Perry Scheme of Intellectual Development. Student attitudes were assessed using daily Classroom Assessment Activities and an end-of-semester departmental course evaluation.

Results: Findings indicated no significant difference between collaborative learning and traditional learning in achieving pre-clinical competence as evidenced by the students' ability to apply the principles of instrumentation. Advancement in intellectual development did not differ significantly between groups. Value added benefits of a collaborative learning environment as identified by the evaluation of student attitudes included decreased student reliance on authority, recognition of peers as legitimate sources of learning and increased self-confidence. A significant difference in student responses to daily classroom assessments was evident on the 5 days a collaborative learning environment was employed.

Conclusion: Dental hygiene students involved in a pre-clinical collaborative learning environment are more responsible for their own learning and tend to have a more positive attitude toward the subject matter. Future studies evaluating collaborative learning in clinical dental hygiene education need to investigate the cost/benefit ratio of the value added outcomes of collaborative learning.

Keywords: Classroom Assessment; Collaborative Learning; Dental Hygiene Education; Intellectual Development; Learning Environment Preference; Measure of Intellectual Development; Perry Scheme of Intellectual Development; Preclinical Course; Principles of Instrumentation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Clinical Competence
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Dental Hygienists / education*
  • Dental Prophylaxis / instrumentation
  • Educational Measurement / methods
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Learning*
  • Peer Group
  • Problem Solving
  • Program Development
  • Self Concept
  • Teaching / methods
  • Thinking