Background: To date, no prognostic microRNAs (miRNAs) for isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) wild-type glioblastoma multiformes (GBM) have been reported. The aim of the present study was to identify a miRNA signature of prognostic value for IDH1 wild-type GBM patients using miRNA expression dataset from the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).
Methods: Differential expression profiling analysis of miRNAs was performed on samples from 187 GBM patients, comprising 17 mutant-type IDH1 and 170 wild-type IDH1 samples.
Results: A 23-micoRNA signature which was specific to the IDH1 mutation was revealed. Survival data was available for 140 of the GBM patients with wild-type IDH1. Using these data, the samples were characterized as high-risk or low-risk group according to the ranked protective scores for each of the 23 miRNAs in the 23-miRNA signature. Then, the 23 IDH1 mutation-specific miRNAs were classified as risky group and protective group miRNAs based on the significance analysis of microarrays d-score (SAM d-value) (positive value or negative value). The risky group miRNAs were found to be expressed more in the high-risk samples while the protective group miRNAs were expressed more in the low-risk samples. Patients with high protective scores had longer survival times than those with low protective scores.
Conclusion: These findings show that IDH1 mutation-specific miRNA signature is a marker for favorable prognosis in primary GBM patients with the IDH1 wild type.