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Review
. 2013 Aug 30;113(6):646-59.
doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.113.300268.

Epidemiology of Heart Failure

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Free PMC article
Review

Epidemiology of Heart Failure

Véronique L Roger. Circ Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) has been singled out as an epidemic and is a staggering clinical and public health problem, associated with significant mortality, morbidity, and healthcare expenditures, particularly among those aged ≥ 65 years. The case mix of HF is changing over time with a growing proportion of cases presenting with preserved ejection fraction for which there is no specific treatment. Despite progress in reducing HF-related mortality, hospitalizations for HF remain frequent and rates of readmissions continue to rise. To prevent hospitalizations, a comprehensive characterization of predictors of readmission in patients with HF is imperative and must integrate the impact of multimorbidity related to coexisting conditions. New models of patient-centered care that draw on community-based resources to support HF patients with complex coexisting conditions are needed to decrease hospitalizations.

Keywords: epidemiology; heart failure; population surveillance.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Investigating the HF Epidemic-Conceptual Framework
Figure 2
Figure 2
Heart Failure Risk Factors and Putative Mechanisms
Figure 3
Figure 3
Prevalence of Risk Factors in Heart Failure
Figure 4
Figure 4
Attributable Risk of Select Risk Factors for Heart Failure

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