Sulfated polysaccharides as bioactive agents from marine algae

Int J Biol Macromol. 2013 Nov:62:70-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2013.08.036. Epub 2013 Aug 28.


Recently, much attention has been paid by consumers toward natural bioactive compounds as functional ingredients in nutraceuticals. Marine algae are considered as valuable sources of structurally diverse bioactive compounds. Marine algae are rich in sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) such as carrageenans in red algae, fucoidans in brown algae and ulvans in green algae. These SPs exhibit many health beneficial nutraceutical effects such as antioxidant, anti-allergic, anti-human immunodeficiency virus, anticancer and anticoagulant activities. Therefore, marine algae derived SPs have great potential to be further developed as medicinal food products or nutraceuticals in the food industry. This contribution presents an overview of nutraceutical effects and potential health benefits of SPs derived from marine algae.

Keywords: Anti-HIV; Anti-allergy; Anticancer; Antioxidant; Marine algae; Sulfated polysaccharides.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aquatic Organisms / chemistry*
  • Chlorophyta / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Phaeophyceae / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Sulfates / chemistry*


  • Polysaccharides
  • Sulfates