First quantitative analysis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality during in-hospital cardiac arrests of young children

Resuscitation. 2014 Jan;85(1):70-4. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.08.014. Epub 2013 Aug 29.


Aim: The objective of this study is to report, for the first time, quantitative data on CPR quality during the resuscitation of children under 8 years of age. We hypothesized that the CPR performed would often not achieve 2010 Pediatric Basic Life Support (BLS) Guidelines, but would improve with the addition of audiovisual feedback.

Methods: Prospective observational cohort evaluating CPR quality during chest compression (CC) events in children between 1 and 8 years of age. CPR recording defibrillators collected CPR data (rate (CC/min), depth (mm), CC fraction (CCF), leaning (%>2.5 kg.)). Audiovisual feedback was according to 2010 Guidelines in a subset of patients. The primary outcome, "excellent CPR" was defined as a CC rate ≥ 100 and ≤ 120 CC/min, depth ≥ 50 mm, CCF >0.80, and <20% of CC with leaning.

Results: 8 CC events resulted in 285 thirty-second epochs of CPR (15,960 CCs). Percentage of epochs achieving targets was 54% (153/285) for rate, 19% (54/285) for depth, 88% (250/285) for CCF, 79% (226/285) for leaning, and 8% (24/285) for excellent CPR. The median percentage of epochs per event achieving targets increased with audiovisual feedback for rate [88 (IQR: 79, 94) vs. 39 (IQR 18, 62) %; p=0.043] and excellent CPR [28 (IQR: 7.2, 52) vs. 0 (IQR: 0, 1) %; p=0.018].

Conclusions: In-hospital pediatric CPR often does not meet 2010 Pediatric BLS Guidelines, but compliance is better when audiovisual feedback is provided to rescuers.

Keywords: AHA; American Heart Association; CC; CPR; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Pediatric; Quality appraisal; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; chest compression.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / standards*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Heart Arrest / therapy*
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Health Care*