Motor development of infants with univentricular heart at the ages of 16 and 52 weeks

Pediatr Phys Ther. Winter 2013;25(4):444-50. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e3182a31704.

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the motor development of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and other types of univentricular heart (UVH) with peers who are healthy at the ages of 16 and 52 weeks.

Methods: Motor development was assessed with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS).

Results: Both the 23 patients with HLHS and the 13 patients with UVH had lower total AIMS scores in both observations than the controls. At the age of 52 weeks, patients with HLHS had significantly lower scores in all 4 AIMS subscales, whereas patients with UVH had lower scores only in the prone and standing subscales.

Conclusion: Motor development of patients with HLHS or UVH is delayed during the first year of life, especially in the prone and standing subscales.

MeSH terms

  • Child Development*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / rehabilitation*
  • Heart Ventricles / abnormalities*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies