Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of four CAD/CAM all-ceramic materials on cell viability, migration ability and adenylate kinase (ADK) release of human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and oral keratinocytes (HOK).
Materials and methods: HGF and HOK were cultured on disc-shaped CAD/CAM all-ceramic materials (e.max CAD LT, e.max CAD HT, Empress CAD and Mark II) and on discs made of tissue culture polystyrene surface (TCPS) serving as control. Cell viability was analyzed by using an MTT assay, and migration ability was investigated by a scratch assay. A ToxiLight assay has been performed to analyze the effect of all-ceramic materials on ADK release and cell apoptosis.
Results: At MTT assay for HGF, no significant decrease of cell viability could be detected at all points of measurement (p each > 0.05), while HOK demonstrated a significant decrease in cell viability especially on Empress CAD and Mark II at each point of measurement (p each < 0.001). Scratch assay demonstrated an increased migration ability for HGF on e.max CAD HT, Empress CAD and Mark II (p each < 0.001), whereas HOK showed a significantly decreased migration ability on all tested materials at all points of measurement (between -36 % and -71 %; p each < 0.001). At ToxiLight assay, only small cytotoxic effects of the all-ceramic materials could be investigated.
Conclusions: This study disclosed significant differences in cell viability and migration ability of HGF and HOK on CAD/CAM all-ceramic materials.
Clinical relevance: CAD/CAM all-ceramic materials can influence oral cell lines responsible for soft tissue creation which may affect the esthetic outcome.