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, 28 (3), 147-51

Thrombocytopenia and Bacterial Sepsis in Neonates

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Thrombocytopenia and Bacterial Sepsis in Neonates

S H Arif et al. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus.

Abstract

Thrombocytopenia is one of the common hematological problems encountered in the neonatal period particularly in the sick newborns, premature babies and neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care units and usually indicate an underlying pathologic process. Thrombocytopenia is reported in neonates with bacterial, fungal, rickettsial, protozoal and viral infection. Some patients with bacterial septicemia may develop coagulopathy associated with DIC. The presence of thrombocytopenia is seen frequently in early sepsis with or without laboratory evidence of overt DIC. This study was conducted on 85 neonates admitted in NICU with clinical diagnosis of septicemia and 50 age and weight matched neonates served as control. Thrombocytopenia was seen in 83.5% cases where as bacterial culture was positive in only 41.1% cases. Further it was noted that, in gram negative (Gm -ve) septicemia, thrombocytopenia was more severe as compared to gram positive (Gm +ve) septicemia. It is concluded that thrombocytopenia is early predictor of septicemia but other causes of neonatal thrombocytopenia should also be ruled out.

Keywords: DIC; Neonatal septicemia; Thrombocytopenia.

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