Particles small angle forward-scattered light measurement based on photovoltaic cell microflow cytometer

Electrophoresis. 2014 Feb;35(2-3):337-44. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300189. Epub 2013 Oct 10.


A method is proposed for detecting microparticles in a microflow cytometer by means of small angle forward-scattered light measurements. The proposed cytometer comprises a commercial photovoltaic cell, an adjustable power laser module, and a PDMS microfluidic chip. The detection performance of the proposed device is evaluated using particles with dimensions of 5, 8, 10, and 15 μm, respectively, given forward-light scattering angles of 5 and 8° and laser powers ranging from 15-25 mW. It is shown that for a constant laser power and particle size, the S/N of the detected light signal increases with a reducing forward-scattering angle. Moreover, for a constant forward-scattering angle and particle size, the S/N increases with an increasing laser power. The intensity of the forward-scattered light signal is found to vary linearly with the particle size and has a correlation coefficient of R(2) = 0.967, 0.967, and 0.963 given laser powers of 15, 20, and 25 mW, respectively, and a forward-scattering angle of 5°. Moreover, the CV of the forward-scattered light intensity is found to lie within the range of 20-30% for both forward-scattering angles. Overall, the present results suggest that the proposed device has significant potential for detection applications in the medical, environmental monitoring, and biological science fields.

Keywords: Coefficient of variation; Forward-scattering angle; Photovoltaic cell; Signal-to-noise ratio.

MeSH terms

  • Flow Cytometry / instrumentation
  • Flow Cytometry / methods*
  • Light
  • Microfluidic Analytical Techniques / instrumentation
  • Microfluidic Analytical Techniques / methods*
  • Microspheres
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Particle Size
  • Scattering, Radiation*
  • Signal-To-Noise Ratio