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Observational Study
, 15 (1), 40-9

The CD4:CD8 Ratio Is Associated With Markers of Age-Associated Disease in Virally Suppressed HIV-infected Patients With Immunological Recovery

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Observational Study

The CD4:CD8 Ratio Is Associated With Markers of Age-Associated Disease in Virally Suppressed HIV-infected Patients With Immunological Recovery

S Serrano-Villar et al. HIV Med.

Abstract

Objectives: Inversion of the CD4:CD8 ratio (< 1) has been identified as a hallmark of inmmunosenescence and an independent predictor of mortality in the general population. We aimed to assess the association between the CD4:CD8 ratio and markers of age-associated disease in treated HIV-infected patients with good immunovirological response.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 132 HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy (ART), with plasma HIV RNA < 50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL for at least 1 year, CD4 count > 350 cells/μL and age < 65 years. We analysed the associations between the CD4:CD8 ratio and subclinical atherosclerosis [assessed using carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)], arterial stiffness [assessed using the augmentation index (AIx)], the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), muscle wasting and sarcopenia [assessed using appendicular lean mass/height(2) (ALM) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)].

Results: CD4:CD8 ratio inversion was associated with higher IMT, lower eGFR and lower ALM (all values P < 0.05), but not with AIx. In multivariate analyses adjusted for age, sex, hypertriglyceridaemia, tobacco use and cumulative ART exposure, inversion of the CD4:CD8 ratio was independently associated with higher IMT [odds ratio (OR) 2.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-7.1], arterial stiffness (OR 4.8; 95% CI 1.0-23.5) and lower eGFR (OR 5.2; 95% CI 1.0-64.4), but not sarcopenia (OR 0.7; 95% CI 0.2-2.7). These associations persisted when models were applied to subjects with nadir CD4 counts > 200 cells/μL and those with CD4 counts > 500 cells/μL.

Conclusions: The CD4:CD8 ratio in treated HIV-infected subjects with good immunovirological response is independently associated with markers of age-associated disease. Hence, it might be a clinically useful predictor of non-AIDS-defining conditions.

Keywords: CD4:CD8 ratio; HIV; carotid intima-media thickness; premature aging; sarcopenia; vascular stiffness.

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