Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS)/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is the procedure of choice in patients with peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal cancer. Although recurrence rates are 26%-44% after first CRS/HIPEC, the role of repeated CRS/HIPEC has not been well defined. We hypothesize that patients undergoing multiple CRS/HIPEC's have meaningful long term survival.
Methods: A retrospective study of a prospective database of 294 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) was conducted, of these 162 had PC of appendiceal origin. Twenty-six of these patients underwent 56 CRS/HIPEC. Survival and outcomes was analyzed.
Results: The percentage of patients with pre-surgical PCI scores ≥ 20 for the first, second, and third CRS/HIPEC was 65, 65, and 25%, respectively. Complete cytoreduction (CC 0-1) at first, second, and, third surgeries was 96, 65 and 75%, respectively. The mean operating time was 10.1 h. There was no 30-day peri-operative mortality. Following the first, second, and third CRS/HIPEC 27, 42, and 50% experienced grade III complications, respectively. Mean follow up was 51, 28, and 16 months from the first, second, and third CRS/HIPEC, respectively. Overall survival rate for the first CRS/HIPEC was 100, 83, 54, and 46% at years 1, 3, 5 and 10, respectively; from the second CRS/HIPEC 91, 53, and 34% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively; and from the third CRS/HIPEC was 75% at one year.
Conclusion: Repeat CRS/HIPEC can lead to meaningful long term survival rates in patients with appendiceal peritoneal carcinomatosis with morbidity and mortality similar to those of the initial CRS/HIPEC.
Keywords: Appendix cancer; Cytoreductive surgery; HIPEC; Peritoneal carcinomatosis; Repeated HIPEC; Survival.
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