Ankle osteoarthritis: etiology, diagnostics, and classification

Foot Ankle Clin. 2013 Sep;18(3):411-26. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2013.06.001. Epub 2013 Jul 24.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is defined as the syndrome of joint pain and dysfunction caused by substantial joint degeneration. In general, OA is the most common joint disease and is one of the most frequent and symptomatic health problems for middle-aged and older people: OA disables more than 10% of people who are older than 60 years. This article reviews the etiology of ankle OA, and describes the onset and development of posttraumatic ankle OA, the most common form of OA in the tibiotalar joint. Various methods of clinical and radiographic assessment are described in detail.

Keywords: Ankle osteoarthritis; Classification of ankle osteoarthritis; Diagnostics of ankle osteoarthritis; Etiology of ankle osteoarthritis; Posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Joint / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Osteoarthritis* / classification
  • Osteoarthritis* / diagnosis
  • Osteoarthritis* / etiology