Multiaxis inertial sensing with long-time point source atom interferometry

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Aug 23;111(8):083001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.083001. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

Abstract

We show that light-pulse atom interferometry with atomic point sources and spatially resolved detection enables multiaxis (two rotation, one acceleration) precision inertial sensing at long interrogation times. Using this method, we demonstrate a light-pulse atom interferometer for 87Rb with 1.4 cm peak wave packet separation and a duration of 2T=2.3 s. The inferred acceleration sensitivity of each shot is 6.7×10(-12)g, which improves on previous limits by more than 2 orders of magnitude. We also measure Earth's rotation rate with a precision of 200 nrad/s.