Interlayer carbon bond formation induced by hydrogen adsorption in few-layer supported graphene

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Aug 23;111(8):085503. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.085503. Epub 2013 Aug 20.


We report on the hydrogen adsorption induced phase transition of a few layer graphene (1 to 4 layers) to a diamondlike structure on Pt(111) based on core level x-ray spectroscopy, temperature programed desorption, infrared spectroscopy, and density functional theory total energy calculations. The surface adsorption of hydrogen induces a hybridization change of carbon from the sp2 to the sp3 bond symmetry, which propagates through the graphene layers, resulting in interlayer carbon bond formation. The structure is stabilized through the termination of interfacial sp3 carbon atoms by the substrate. The structural transformation occurs as a consequence of high adsorption energy.