Study objective: To evaluate the incidence of hemostatic disorders in a population of adolescents with various patterns of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).
Design: Retrospective observational study.
Setting: University hospital.
Participants: One hundred thirteen adolescents with AUB; mean age at menarche and mean age at the onset of symptoms 12 ± 1.2 years and 13.5 ± 2.8 years, respectively.
Main outcome measures: Data on menstrual history, bleeding symptoms, co-existing medical conditions, and medical therapies were assessed. All patients were screened for hemostatic disorders with laboratory testing. The incidence of the disorders was calculated. Subjects were further divided in 2 groups based on whether the AUB started in the first 2 years from menarche (group 1) or later (group 2). A statistical analysis was performed using a chi-square test to compare incidence of hemostatic disorders between the groups.
Results: One hundred thirteen adolescents with AUB were identified. Overall, 54 (47.8%) patients had some underlying hemostatic disorder, of which a platelet dysfunction was the most common (17.7%). Von Willebrand disease was detected in 13.3% of cases and a deficiency of a coagulation factor in 12.4%. In 7.1% of patients an isolated increase of bleeding time was observed. When divided in 2 groups, 44.2% of patients in group 1 and 59.2% in group 2 had a coagulation disorders, with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P = .17).
Conclusion: AUB in adolescents is frequently associated with an underlying disorder of hemostasis, most commonly a platelet function disorder. The results highlight the importance of screening for coagulation disorders in adolescents with AUB, independently from the gynecologic age at onset.
Keywords: Abnormal uterine bleeding; Adolescents; Hemostatic disorders; Platelet function disorders; von Willebrand disease.
Copyright © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.